Inhaltsangabe Abstract
Paukstadt, Ulrich, Laela H. Paukstadt & Ulrich Brosch (1998 [February 12]):  Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis n. sp., eine neue Saturniide von Südostasien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift (Essen); 108 (2), 1998: pp. 5764; 4 figs. phot.col., 3 figs. phot.h.-t.
Inhaltsangabe
Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der wilden Seidenspinner von Südost-Asien als Resultat unserer intensiven Untersuchungen der Gattung Antheraea Hübner 1819 ("1816") wird präsentiert. Die taxonomische Veränderungen und Neubeschreibungen werden im Vorgriff auf die Publikation der in Vorbereitung befindlichen Monographie (U. Paukstadt, U. Brosch & L.H. Paukstadt: An introduction to the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816")) veröffentlicht.
In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird eine neue Art der Gattung Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") vom kontinentalen Südost-Asien vorgestellt: Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis n.sp. Die neue Art gehört zur frithi-Untergruppe der paphia/frithi-Gruppe (sensu Nässig 1991). A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. stammt aus dem Bergland des Tenasserim im südöstlichen Myanmar (Burma) und wurde auf einer Höhe zwischen 6001100 gefunden. Nähere Einzelheiten zur Neubeschreibung entnehmen Sie bitte dem deutschen Urbeschreibungstext:
Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis n.sp.
Abstract
A contribution to the knowledge of South East Asian wild silk moths as the result of our intensive studies on the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") is presented. We decided to publish taxonomic changes and descriptions of new taxa of the genus Antheraea prior to the completion of a monograph on this genus in preparation (U. Paukstadt, U. Brosch & L.H. Paukstadt: An introduction to the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816")).
In this paper a new species of the genus Antheraea is described from continental South East Asia: Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis n.sp. It represents a taxon of the subgenus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") and belongs to the frithi-subgroup of the paphia/frithi-group (sensu Nässig 1991). A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. is known from southeastern Myanmar (formerly Burma), Tenasserim Mountain Range. Records ranging from elevations from between 600 to 1100 m. The adults are on the wings from April till July and September till November. The main flight period might be from September till November, with a clear peak in October. The new species probably is an endemic of the Tenasserim Mountain Range. Southeast Burma, where it is sympatric with the common A. (A.) frithi Moore, 1859. (A revision of the frithi-subgroup is in need, the taxonomic status of the populations from southern Myanmar and northern Thailand need to be investigated). A. frithi is on the wings from June till August and October till November, with a very small peak in October. There are very few scattered records of A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. from other regions, which are considered to belong to mislabelled specimens until more material is available. The male and the female adults, as well as the male genitalia structures are described, figured and compared to those of the closely related A. (A.) frithi from southern Myanmar and northern Thailand. The preimaginal instars of A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. remain unknown and nothing is known on the biology and ecology thus far.
The new species is clearly distinguishable from the closesely related taxa of the frithi-subgroup, e.g. A. (A.) frithi from South-, and East-Asia and A. (A.) gschwandneri Niepelt, 1918 from Sumatra; in the Malay Peninsula: A. (A.) celebensis gschwandneri Niepelt, 1918 (sensu Holloway 1987). We presently do not think that gschwandneri is a subspecies of A. (A.) celebensis Watson, 1915, which most likely is an endemic of the island of Sulawesi and the adjacent smaller islands. The Malayan taxon of the frithi-subgroup could be very closely related to, or even could be conspecific with A. (A.) geschwandneri. The male of A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. is generally smaller, the forewing apex is longer, and the forewings are much more falcate than in A. (A.) frithi. The male forewing lenght of A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. (Measurements of A. frithi follow in square brackets) is 5664 [6268] mm, mean 59,5 [63,1] mm, n = 25 [21]. The lenght/width of the male antenna is 8,59,2 mm by 3,84,0 mm, mean 8,8/4,0 [10,3/4,8] mm, n = 17 [27]. Holotype forewing lenght 60 mm and antenna 9,0/4,0 mm. The wing pattern is similiar to that of A. (A.) frithi and other related taxa of the frithi-subgroup, but the ground colouration is generally much more darker and the marginal areas of forewings and hindwings are always intensive purple colored and clearly broader at the forewing tornus.
Comparisons of the structures of the male genitalia of above mentioned taxa do not offer good charcters, but the aedeagus of A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. was found to be generally shorter than  in A. (A.) frithi. The female shows a rich purple coloration of the marginal areas, analogous  to the coloration of the male. The female forewing lenghts of A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. (measurements of A. (A.) frithi follow in square brackets) is 6478 [6284] mm, mean 74,3 [75,3] mm, n = 11 [11]. The lenght/width of the female antenna is 10,511,2 mm by 3,23,5 mm, mean 10,9/3,3 [10,4/2,0] mm, n = 5 [10]. The forewing lenght of the female allotype is 78 mm and the antenna 11,2/3,3 mm. Above figures show that the width of the female antenna is nearly double as in the related A. (A.) frithi, which clearly indicates that A. (A.) myanmarensis n.sp. is a distinct species and not a color form of A. (A.) frithi or any other taxon of the still extremly difficult paphia/frithi-group.
For the original description in German language please have a look at:
Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis n.sp.
Schlüsselwörter / Key words
Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Antheraea, new taxa, myanmarensis, Myanmar, Burma.
Ulrich & Anita Brosch
Mühlenstraße 22, D-32479 Hille (Deutschland / Germany)
Tel. & FAX: (0049) 5703 3365

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